The Present Subjunctive / Presente de subjuntivo


Spanish present subjunctive. Visit www.soeasyspanish.com




The present subjunctive (presente de subjuntivo) is widely used in Spanish. Strange as it may seem for English speakers, subjunctive is essential in Spanish.




   


Person
Amar (1st conj.)
Comer (2nd conj.)
Vivir (3rd conj.)
Yo
am-e
com-a
viv-a
am-es
com-as
viv-as
Él, ella
am-e
com-a
viv-a
Nosotros(as)
am-emos
com-amos
viv-amos
Vosotros(as)
am-éis
com-áis
viv-áis
Ellos, Ellas
am-en
com-an
viv-an

  

                       Most frequent uses                         Examples

Simple sentences with verbs expressing doubt, wish, hope, opinion, fear…
Quizá venga mañana / I/he may come tomorrow.
¡Ojalá llueva! / I hope it rains.
Que tengas buen viaje / I wish you a good trip.
Subordinate clauses with verbs expressing doubt, wish, hope, opinion, fear…
No creo que llueva / I don’t think that it will rain.
Me asusta que se caigan / I’m afraid of them falling down.
Quiero que vengas aquí / I want you to come here.
Time subordinate clauses.
Díselo a Juan cuando llame / Tell Juan when he calls.
Purpose subordinate clauses introduced by para que.
Te he comprado este libro para que lo leas / I have bought this book for you.
Negative commands.
No hagas eso / Don’t do that.
Affirmative commands, save for 2nd informal persons and vosotros(as)
Comamos ya / Let’s eat right now.
Pasen ustedes primero / After you.
Que venga Héctor / I want Héctor to come.





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