Spanish verb tenses / Tiempos verbales




Spanish verb tenses. Visit www.soeasyspanish.com




Spanish verb tenses can be: simple (simples) or perfect (compuestos). The latter are formed by the inflected verb haber and the participle (which remains invariable).









         Mood          Tense                         Example                   Comment




I
N
D
I
C
A
T
I
V
E
Present (presente)
Como / I eat/I’m eating
Widely used.
Present perfect (pretérito perfecto compuesto)
He comido / I have eaten.
Frequently used.
Imperfect (pretérito imperfecto)
Comía / I ate/was eating.
Frequently used.
Pluperfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto)
Había comido / I had eaten.
Frequently used.
Preterite (pretérito perfecto simple)
Comí / I ate.
Frequently used.
Past anterior (pretérito anterior)
Hube comido / I had eaten.
Rarely used.
Future (futuro simple)
Comeré / I shall eat.
Frequently used.
Future perfect (futuro compuesto)
Habré comido / I shall have eaten.
Rarely used.
Conditional (condicional simple)
Comería / I should eat.
Rarely used.
Conditional perfect (condicional compuesto)
Habría comido / I should have eaten.
Rarely used.


S
U
B
J
U
N
C
T
I
V
E
Present (present)
Coma.
Frequently used.
Present perfect (pretérito perfecto compuesto)
Haya comido.
Quite used.
Imperfect (pretérito imperfecto)
Comiera o comiese.
Rarely used.
Pluperfect (pretérito pluscuamperfecto)
Hubiera/hubiese comido.
Rarely used.
Future (futuro simple)
Comiere.
Rarely used.
Future perfect (futuro compuesto)
Hubiere comido.
Rarely used.

IM
PE
RA
TI
VE

Present (presente)

*Only two forms (2nd informal persons)

Come / Eat.
Comed / Eat.

Frequently used.
            


Note that the examples of subjunctive tenses are not translated.  The subjunctive is more often used in Spanish than in English, especially the present. Translation will depend on the context.




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