Prepositions / Las preposiciones



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Prepositions are invariable words that introduce other sentence elements.










GOOD NEWS: Preposition use is simpler in Spanish than in English.


The most frequent prepositions are as follows:


Preposition                            Examples


a
Dáselo a Alicia / Give it to Alice.
Llego a las ocho / I’ll arrive at eight o’clock.
Voy a Portugal / I’m going to Portugal.
Queda a la vuelta de la esquina / It’s around the corner.
Lo vi al salir de casa / I saw him/it on leaving home.
Vienen dos veces a la semana / They come twice a week.
ante
Está ante /  He/It is before me.
La seguridad está ante todo / Safety must come first.
con
Vivo con mis padres / I live with my parents.
Se come con cuchara / You eat it with a spoon.
contra
No tengo nada contra ti / I have nothing against you.
de
¿De dónde eres? / Where are you from?
Es el rey de España / He is the King of Spain.
Toma el libro de mi hermano / Take my brother’s book.
Trabajo de nueve a cinco / I work from nine to five.
Ana está verde de envidia / Ana is green with envy.
Una chica de pelo largo / A long-haired girl.
Un poema de Neruda / A poem by Neruda.
desde
Desde mi punto de vista / From my point of view.
Desde que te has ido / Since you have left.
durante
Durante todo el día hizo calor / It was hot all day.
Vino durante la comida / He /she came during the meal.
en
Vivo en Madrid / I live in Madrid.
Ponlo en la mesa / Put it on the table.
Soy licenciado en Empresariales / I have degree in Business Studies
Vamos a trabajar en coche / We go to work by car.
Naciste en 1981 / You were born in 1981.
entre
Entre todos, hay 82 personas / Among all, there are 82 people.
Entre tú y yo / Between you and me.
Entre mi casa y la escuela hay 1 km. / The school is 1 km. away home.
hacia
Hacia el final de la mañana / In the late morning.
Mi casa mira hacia el norte / My house faces north.
hasta
Voy hasta el parque / I’m going to the park.
¿No llegas hasta la noche? / Aren’t you coming till the evening?
para
Es un regalo para Iria / It’s a present for Iria.
Vive para trabajar / He/she lives to work.
Para mi disgusto, no vino nadie / To my displeasure, no one came.
La toalla es para secarse / You use towels for drying yourself.
por
Lo hago por ti / I’m doing it because of you.
Te recojo por la tarde / I’m collecting you in the afternoon.
Mejor un acuerdo por escrito / Better a written agreement.
Dos por cinco son diez / Two times five is ten.
sin
No quiero ir allí sin ti / I don’t want to go there without you.
sobre
Ponlo sobre la mesa / Put it on the table.
Es un libro sobre cocina china / It’s a book on Chinese cooking.
tras
Lo veo día tras día / I see it/him day after day.
Todos andan tras su dinero / All of them are after his/her money.





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