Possessives / Los posesivos


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1. Definition
2. Possessive adjectives
3. Possessive pronouns








  1. Definition


Possessives are words that state possession, ownership or relationship.


They agree in gender and number with the possessed thing. 

Note: In Spanish, possessives are not used to name parts of the body.


2. Possessive adjectives


There are two types of possessive adjectives, those which come before the noun (general rule) and those which come after the noun (only in certain cases, to put emphasis on them).


Before the noun (átonos/unstressed):




One thing possessed
Some things possessed

Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
One   possessor
I
mi
mi
mis
mis
You
tu
tu
tus
tus
He, she, you (formal)
su
su
sus
sus
Some possessors
We
nuestro
nuestra
nuestros
nuestras
You
vuestro
vuestra
vuestros
vuestras
They, you (formal)
su
su
sus
sus



Quiero mis libros.                                    I want my books.

Es su madre.                                           She is his/her mother.

Toma tus llaves.                                     Take your keys.

Su paquete está allí.                               Your parcel is over there.

Vuestros hijos están jugando.                  Your children are playing.

Nuestras libretas son parecidas.               Our notebooks are similar.


                       

After the noun (tónicos/stressed):




One thing possessed
Some things possessed

Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
One   possessor
I
mío
mía
míos
mías
You
tuyo
tuya
tuyos
tuyas
He, she, you (formal)
suyo
suya
suyos
suyas
Some possessors
We
nuestro
nuestra
nuestros
nuestras
You
vuestro
vuestra
vuestros
vuestras
They, you (formal)
suyo
suya
suyos
suyas
  


These adjectives must be used very carefully. It is always safer use the before-the-noun possessive adjectives.


Es la casa suya.                              It is his/her house.

Al lado suyo.                                  By his/her side.


  

3. Possessive pronouns





One thing possessed
Some things possessed

Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
One   possessor
I
mío
mía
míos
mías
You
tuyo
tuya
tuyos
tuyas
He, she, you (formal)
suyo
suya
suyos
suyas
Some possessors
We
nuestro
nuestra
nuestros
nuestras
You
vuestro
vuestra
vuestros
vuestras
They, you (formal)
suyo
suya
suyos
suyas



Note that possessive pronouns can often be preceded by the article:


Ahí está mi madre. Y la tuya.                  

Here is my mother. And yours.


Su coche es rojo y el nuestro, verde.        

Their car is red and ours, green.





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